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This list is not meant to be a complete list of women in rock.

Rather, it highlights select women and/or bands which have been influenced by, or have been influential in, the punk and alternative music scenes. Example: You won't find Bananarama. You will find Bikini Kill.

After each entry, a select discography of the artist is offered. Instead of listing every 7-inch B-side of an artist, the albums have been chosen which exhibit best the artist's influence on music and culture.



A B C D E F G H I J K L M

N
O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

A
U PAIRS
Often cited as a prime influence on Debbie Smith of Echobelly among many others, the Au Pairs formed in the late 70s as one of the foremost second-wave punk bands. In a subculture that rarely accepted women as musicians and opinionated lyricists, the Au Pairs were unique in the fact that half of the band was female. With Lesley Woods on vocals and guitar, Jane Munro on bass, and fellow feminists Paul Foad (guitars/vocals) and Peter Hammond (drums), their sound capitalized on the highly-charged political atmosphere of England in the 70s. Taking cues from Jamaican ska, reggae, and garage rock, the double guitars and lack of testosterone-driven histrionics made them a danceable punk band with political conscience. But for all their timeliness, punctuality was not their strong point -- after Woods failed to show up for a gig, the band broke up in 1983.
Playing With a Different Sex(1981)


B
BABES IN TOYLAND

Before there were Babes in Toyland, there was Sugar Baby Doll: a supergroup of tough chicks in the forms of Kat Bjelland, Courtney Love (later of Hole), and Jennifer Finch (later of L7). After splitting, Kat teamed up with Lori Barbero (drums) and Maureen Herman (bass) to form Babes in Toyland. On the surface, they resembled Hole and a slew of other Riot Grrrl bands attracting attention in the early 1990s, but Kat's raw yet passionate screaming and the raucous, raging guitars set them apart from their more melodic sisters. Their breakthrough record Fontanelle garnered good reviews and the mainstream took notice of the Babes' angry, pointed lyrics as much as their kinderwhore image. Their follow up, Nemesisters, far outshone Fontanelle in both musicianship and maturity, though losing none of their trademark feminine rage.
Fontanelle (1992)
Nemesisters (1995)

BIKINI KILL
Riot Grrrl may not have existed in such a powerful capacity if it hadn't been for Bikini Kill, and frontlady Kathleen Hanna in particular. With her shrill, caustic vocals screeching over the top of loud, undisciplined punk, Kathleen became a dynamic spokeswoman for the Riot Grrrl movement in America. Bikini Kill's music, which recalled the first Siouxsie and the Banshees record as much as Fugazi, often took a back seat to Hanna's lyrics, which called for no less than a female revolution in punk. After appearing on a classic split single with Huggy Bear, Bikini Kill collaborated with Joan Jett on the abrasive track "Activity Grrrl."
Yeah, Yeah, Yeah, Yeah (1994)

BJORK/THE SUGARCUBES
Possibly the only Icelandic band to ever win international acclaim, the Sugarcubes' anarchist take on modern pop music was defined by the girlish, uncontrolled and completely unique singing by their resident naif, Bjork Gudmundsdottir. Varying in style between whispering and screeching, Bjork wailed over lush, avant-garde compositions on the Sugarcubes' debut LP, Life's Too Good, quickly making the single "Birthday" an international indie hit. However, critical reception was cool towards the following two LPs, and after the Sugarcubes split in 1996, Bjork went about realizing a solo pop career, a career which actually began at age 11 with the recording of her first album in Icelandic. Her debut (adult) album, titled Debut, was a typically unusual mix of trip-hop rhythms, quirky electronic touches, and wild vocals. The success of Debut and the follow-up, Post, catapulted Bjork into a unique position in popdom: independent, beholden to no particular style or genre, and completely in control of her weirdness.
Life's Too Good (1988)
Debut (1993)
Post (1995)

KATE BUSH
Like Bjork after her, Kate Bush confounded typical views of women in music by developing her own unique artistry. First discovered by David Gilmour of Pink Floyd in 1973, her debut record Wuthering Heights was released in 1978. The soaring, looping vocals, exhibiting her four-octave range and unusual instrumental arrangements, stunned audiences with its originality and brash beauty. More astonishing was the fact that Kate was only 19 and had already written over 100 songs. Her next few albums covered intellectual and psychologically deep topics, such as feminism and murder, paired with dark piano melodies and her wildly inventive singing. Her 1980 album Never Forever was her first #1 album in England and, unbelievably, the first British #1 album by a woman! Her 1985 album Hounds of Love was her artistic peak, experimenting with a wider range of instrumentation and with a more solid focus on traditional songwriting. Though more revered in England than America, her independent style influenced Tori Amos and Polly Harvey, among others.
The Kick Inside (1978)
Lionheart (1978)
Hounds of Love (1985)
The Sensual World (1989)

BOSS HOG
Cristina Martinez (vocals) worked at the same Haagen-Dazs in Washington DC as Henry Rollins before becoming a star. After joining Pussy Galore and moving from DC to New York, she became frustrated at the lack of musical expression available to her in the band. She formed Boss Hog as a creative outlet, even though the object of her rancor, Jon Spencer, eventually joined Boss Hog and became her husband. Readers should be unsurprised to hear that their first gig (at CBGB's) was a smash, considering that Cristina was entirely without clothing for the duration. Hollis Queens, a female drummer who had yet to play drums upon joining the band, upped the estrogen quota of the band and lowered the ego level. And, their sound proceeded to move away from the noisecore of Pussy Galore and into more glamorous territory, taking cues from 60s soul, the Birthday Party, and plain old rock and roll. Cristina is frequently called the grand dame of NYC rock for a reason.
Girl+ (1993)
Boss Hog (1995)
White Out (2000)


C
C
OCTEAU TWINS
Throughout their career, the Cocteau Twins have been defined by the otherworldly, nonsensical vocal stylings of Liz Frasier. Rarely using actual words and frequently taking advantage of Frasier's multiple-octave range, the Cocteau's sound also included distinctive swirly guitars and ethereal effects. With 4AD labelmates Lush, This Mortal Coil, and Dead Can Dance, the Cocteau Twins also helped define the overwhelmingly female dark-indie sound on the mid-1980s. The Cocteau Twins burst upon the scene in 1980 on the strength of their debut LP Garlands, recorded for only 900 pounds. The following records Treasure and Blue Bell Knoll also stood out in their discography, for their increasingly atmospheric soundscapes and avant-garde vocalizations. In 1990, Heaven or Las Vegas was released to critical and commercial acclaim, their most accessible LP in a history of off-the-wall recordings.
Garlands (1980)
Treasure (1984)
Blue Bell Knoll (1988)
Heaven or Las Vegas (1990)

CRASS
An anarchist collective that put message first and music second, Crass actually adhered to their punk ideals, much to their own detriment. Crass formed during the first wave of British punk, on a commune outside of London, and had a mixed-gender line-up -- rare in the punk scene. The founding members, Penny Rimbaud (drums) and Steve Ignorant (vocals), were soon joined by vocalists Eve Libertine and Joy de Vivre, guitarists Phil Free and N.A. Palmer, Pete Wright on bass and Mick Duffield on backing vocals/shouting. Crass' musical style combined military rhythms and understated guitar licks with surprisingly tuneful female vocals. Their double album Stations of the Crass was a collection of astute political songs and energetic calls-to-arms, preceding fellow punks the Clash by a few years. Their following album Penis Envy, on which Eve and Joy took over the vocal responsibilities, was a feminist concept album decrying the discrimination and abuse of women. Crass also formed their own record label in an effort to remain independent from capitalism, and released Crass albums as well as discs by like-minded bands like Flux of Pink Indians and the Poison Girls. The albums were sold at rock-bottom prices to subvert The Man, but the band's failure to charge appropriate tariffs created a huge tax bill that the band couldn't (or refused to) pay. In the early 80s, the band lost its momentum and broke up in 1984, as they had vowed.
Stations of the Crass
Penis Envy


CURVE
Fronted by the striking singer Toni Halliday and accompanied by Dean Garcia on guitars and everything else, Curve's raw, squealing guitar noise and danceable, industrial rhythms made them the darlings of the British indie scene. Releasing three EPs in 1991 (later collected as the full length CD Pubic Fruit), each record showcased Toni's breathy, ice queen vocals and Garcia's wall of feedback, sampled drums and squalling effects. In 1992 Curve released their debut LP Doppelganger, building on their grinding, spiralling sound, and Toni became a popular pin-up in certain goth circles. Their second record, Cuckoo (1993), explored darker melodies and less of the energetic noisecore that made their debut so exciting. After their guitarist Debbie Smith left to join Echobelly, the group dissolved into indie history, but not before providing the inspiration for a host of other bands - notably Garbage.
Pubic Fruit (1991)
Doppelganger (1991)
Cuckoo (1993)

D
KIM DEAL/BREEDERS
Kim Deal made her mark as the bass player for the Pixies, characterizing their sound with heavy, brooding basslines. After the song "Gigantic" got her recognition as a songwriter as well, she formed a side project with fellow Boston indie lady Tanya Donnelly of the Throwing Muses. Incidentally, both bands were on 4AD Records at the time. With Kim on vocals, they recruited Josephine Wiggs (of indie group The Perfect Disaster) on bass and were tagged with the cheesy mantle of "Indie Woman Supergroup" by a salivating press. In 1990 they released Pod, a minor hit in alternative circles, which also featured a particularly lovely album cover by the design team at 4AD. The band really reached commercial success in 1992 with the release of the single "Cannonball," an infectiously catchy slice of pop heaven-success that an indie band today would have little chance of achieving. The final Breeders album, Last Splash, featured "Cannonball," as well as the less catchy single "Divine Hammer."
Pod (1990)
Last Splash (1993)

E

E
CHOBELLY

Saddled early on with the annoying media tag of "first Asian pop star," singer Sonia Aurora Madan decided to use the attention her ethnicity garnered to her best advantage. Unlike other Britpop bands of the time, Echobelly's lyrics tended towards the political, with commentary on feminism, alienation, and cross-dressing. Along with fellow rock chick Debbie Smith on guitar, and emasculated males Alex Keyser on bass and Andy Henderson on drums, Echobelly's signature power pop accentuated Madan's sexy vibrato, with full-throated melodies and spiky guitar, especially on their 1995 album On. Morrissey even said they were his favorite band.
Everybody's Got One (1994)
On (1995)

ELASTICA
Singer Justine Frischmann has the dubious honor of being in a pre-fame line-up of Suede, but that never stopped her. In collaboration with Donna Matthews on guitar, Annie Holland on bass and Justin Welch (the token boy) on drums, their 1995 album Elastica was an instant classic. Borrowing heavily from Wire and like-minded no-wavers, Elastica was crowned the leader of the misnamed New Wave of New Wave. Feedback-loaded riffs like "Stutter" and "Waking Up" rarely left the British radio. 2000 saw the release of the "difficult" follow-up LP The Menace, narrowly missing a tie with the Stone Roses for the longest pause between debut and sophomore efforts. Having expanded to a sextet, and experimenting more widely with sound and production, the sneering, girl-powered pop is there in full force.
Elastica (1995)
The Menace (2000)

F

G
G
ARBAGE/SHIRLEY MANSON
Garbage was an instant hit on both sides of the Atlantic, due to drummer Butch Vig's recent production work on Nirvana's Nevermind. But it was the lovely Scottish frontlady Shirley Manson who garnered much of the spotlight. With bright copper hair, heavily smudged eyeliner and an unabashedly sultry delivery, she transformed tunes that would have been simply above-average slabs of boy rock into crunching pop-goth with feminine angst. The band has offten been compared to Curve, a huge compliment. The 1995 record Garbage spawned the single "Stupid Girl," while sampling the Clash's "Should I Stay or Should I Go."
Garbage (1995)
Version 2.0 (1998)

KIM GORDON/SONIC YOUTH
Unapologetic avante-garde rockers with a sense of humor, Sonic Youth have been performing their particular mix of noisecore for almost twenty years. At first, they shared tours and members with Lydia Lunch's band and released a handful of underground records that only hinted at the wild appropriation of pop cultural references and unusual instrumentation. Kim Gordon, singer and bassist, was the focal point and founding member along with Thurston Moore (also her future husband). Kim and Thurston cannot say no to a side project, and in the mid-80s they formed Ciccone Youth, a band celebrating the subversion of pop conventions that spawned a surprise hit (a play on Madonna's song "Into the Groove"). Their more pop attitude shined through on the Sonic Youth LPs Evol and Sister (the latter also incorporating dreamy science-fiction references). Meanwhile, Ciccone Youth released The Whitey Album with Kim's particularly ripping version of Robert "I-Invented-Cheese" Palmer's "Addicted to Love." In 1988, Sonic Youth released Daydream Nation, their most accomplished and successful album, and then took a surprising turn towards corporate rock on Goo (1990). Though more hit-prone than their previous releases, Kim still took the rock world to task for its stereotypical portrayals of women. Their later releases returned to the more ambient jazz-inflected rock, especially on Experimental Jet Set, Trash and No Star. Kim's rock outlet became Free Kitten, her band formed with Julie Cafritz, proving that it's still possible to subvert pop music while being one of its most respected innovators.
Daydream Nation (1988)
Goo (1990)
Dirty (1992)
Experimental Jet Set, Trash and No Star (1994)

H
DEBBIE HARRY/BLONDIE
A pop star like no other, Debbie Harry embodied the punk/new wave aesthetic of the late 70s/early 80s New York. Equal parts sex kitten, dominatrix, ice queen, and girl-next-door, Harry was a blast of fresh air amongst the male-dominated CBGB's scene. Forming Blondie with musical soulmate Chris Stein, Harry would have run the risk of being perceived as a blonde bimbo if the music and lyrics they created hadn't been so biting, funny, astute, and catchy. Their hugely popular third album, Parallel Lines, featured three classic singles, "Hanging on the Telephone," "Sunday Girl," and "Heart of Glass," and made Blondie and Debbie household names. The follow up record Eat to the Beat spawned the hits "Dreaming" and "Atomic," and, with their one-off single "Call Me," Blondie was unstoppable. The world soon learned that Debbie Harry was not someone you'd want to mess with. She was an icon before Madonna, a woman who captured both the independent spirit of punk and the ephemeral amusement of new wave pop. Among other milestones, Blondie takes credit for writing the first synthesis of both punk and disco ("Heart of Glass"), and for the first rap single ("Rapture") to land on the Billboard charts.
Plastic Letters (1978)
Parallel Lines (1978)
Eat to the Beat (1979)
Autoamerican (1981)
The Best of Blondie (1981)

PJ HARVEY
The singular British female artist of the 90s, Peej has built a career on frank, undiluted lyrics and musical chops. Her writing often explores the dark side of femaleness, and the strength that can be found in sexuality and raw emotion. Her music is no less brash, beginning with the debut album Dry in 1992. The wailing, banshee-like single "Sheela-na-gig" got some college radio play in the United States, but didn’t quite bust her out of the margins. In 1993 she teamed up with Steve Albini, producer and former member of Big Black. Predictably, the following album Rid of Me was a far more harsh, impassioned, uninhibited recording, with Polly Jean venting her rage and the music answering her with slamming guitars. Though some faulted the record for that reason, Polly Jean’s musical ability was never in question, and was realized to greater effect on To Give You My Love in 1995. The haunting single "Down by the Water" proved that PJ could roll as hard as she could rock.
Dry (1992)
To Bring You My Love (1995)
Is This Desire? (1998)

H
OLE

What hasn't already been said about Hole? With a goal no less than transforming the state of rock n' roll today, Courtney Love and company (Samantha Maloney on drums, Eric Erlandson on guitar) have been under the media microscope since the beginning, due to the band's propensity for controversial commentary on everything from drugs to feminism. In 1991, Hole's debut Pretty on the Inside contained the harsh, heartfelt lyrics and full-bore guitar assault that would be their trademark. Courtney's marriage to Kurt Cobain in 1992, and their musical similarities, fuelled the much more accomplished Live Through This (1994), released just one month after Kurt's suicide in April. A period of intense scrutiny followed Courtney after the album's release to applauding reviews, and the band's problems with drugs manifested in the heroin overdose of bassist Kristin Pfaff just two months after the album's release. Replaced with Melissa auf der Maur on bass, the band mellowed their sound on their highly-anticipated follow-up Celebrity Skin. Despite containing the catchy single "Malibu," it was generally considered not as strong as its predecessor. But with Hole, one can never underestimate.
Pretty on the Inside (1991)
Live Through This
(1994)
Celebrity Skin (1998)

HUGGY BEAR
Like fellow minimalist Bikini Kill, Huggy Bear was at the forefront of the British Riot Grrl scene. Though never as popular as their American counterparts, the band shared the same attitudes towards female-led musical revolution. A collective that actually included (gasp!) two boys, Huggy Bear also encouraged their fans to read various radical texts, start their own zines, form bands, and overthrow the patriarchy. In interviews, the band often spouted political slogans without seeming to fully understand the implications of their rhetoric -- in fact, they seemed rather young. But no one can undermine Huggy Bear's influence on the Riot Grrl movement, culminating in sharing a single with Bikini Kill.
Taking the Rough with the Smooch (1993)

CHRISSIE HYNDE/THE PRETENDERS
Frequently cited as the mother of punk n' roll, Chrissie Hynde was hip even before she formed the Pretenders. She moved from Ohio to London in 1976, worked at Vivienne Westwood's shop Sex, wrote for NME and almost married Sid Vicious (though only for immigration reasons). In the late 70s she played in fledgling incarnations of everything from the Clash to the Damned, and in 1978 she got a group of Brits together and recorded a version of "Stop your Sobbing," a Kinks cover. It was an instant hit with the music press in London, and the Pretenders' first album went straight to number one in the UK. With her take-no-prisoners chops and smooth, elegant voice, the Pretenders blended 60s pop sensibilities with the new-wave punk of the early 80s, and even broke America in what was practically the last British band to make a dent on these shores. After two original members of the band died from drug overdoses, and Chrissie fomented dalliances with several rock stars, the Pretenders took a break in the mid-80s. Their material in the 90s has contained a more introspective attitude than their famous singles, but Hynde's voice maintains its power and emotion whether singing soft ballads or rock numbers, all without compromising her musical integrity.
The Pretenders (1980)
Pretenders II (1981)
Last of the Independents (1994)
Isle of View (1995)

I

J

JOAN JETT
The original Riot Grrl. She founded the Runaways, the legendary all-girl punk group, at age 16. Instantly noticed more for their gender and ages (listed on the sleeve of their debut) than their catchy punk hooks, their tune "Cherry Bomb" remains the definitive girl anthem. After internal friction broke up the Runaways, Joan moved to London before she was twenty and quickly hooked up with Steve Jones and Paul Cook of the Sex Pistols. After a few demos, the collaboration ended and Joan moved back to L.A. to work with her longtime producer Kenny Laguna. She formed the Blackhearts and set about touring, where her dense, well-arranged punk ditties highlighted her powerful guitar style. In 1982 she struck gold with the glitter metal smash "I Love Rock n' Roll" -- put another dime in the jukebox, baby! A string of albums in the 1980s followed, in which Joan rallied against the bland europop of the decade with her own trademark hard rock, even though ballsy attitude and feminine fury had fallen far out of favor. In 1987, she stole the show from Michael J. Fox in the film Light of Day, the highlight of her brief acting career, and in the early 90s Joan worked with Kathleen Hanna (her again!) of Bikini Kill and Kat Bjelland of Babes in Toyland on a number of tracks. Recently her material has taken on a more metal, sexually adventurous edge, and her new butch persona is sure to leave tough girls' hearts aflutter.
Bad Reputation (1980)
I Love Rock n' Roll (1982)
Pure and Simple (1994)

JANIS JOPLIN
Though preceding punk by a good ten years, Janis Joplin followed her own path. Unfortunately that path led to drugs, loneliness and more drugs, but not before two brilliant albums captured her howling, bellowing voice full of heartbreak. After joining the California hippie scene, Joplin fronted Big Brother and the Holding Company, a blues-rock ensemble that quickly became Joplin's backing band. Her savage, wailing vocal style came straight from her gut, and her unconventional beauty (and image) made her absolutely unique among the prim and proper pop songstresses of the 1960s. She recorded Cheap Thrills in 1968, an album that showcased her voice against appropriately spare arrangements. At age 25, she was suddenly an international star, and the stress from the unlikely popularity was eased by increasing amounts of heroin and alcohol. In 1970 Joplin was found dead of an overdose. The posthumous album Pearl was released soon after and is widely regarded as her finest work.
Cheap Thrills (1968)
Pearl (1971)

K
KENICKIE
Oh, the short attention spans of the young. Kenickie roared onto the British scene in 1996, famous as a result of punchy punk-pop sounds and youthful, cute appearances. Formed in 1994 by Lauren Laverne (vocals) and Marie du Santiago (guitar), the band soon recruited their friend Emmy-Kate Montrose on bass and Lauren's brother "X" on drums, thereby breaking up the slew of three-part names. Kenickie seemed like a welcome addition of girliness in the overwhelmingly male world of indie pop. Before the debut album Kenickie at the Club was released in 1996, they turned down a cover feature in Melody Maker due to fear of overexposure -- these girls weren't naïve. True to their independent nature, their songs were charmingly snotty bits of power pop, but the magic didn't last long. In 1998 the group broke up, and Emmy-Kate and Marie went on to form another project, Rosita.
Kenickie at the Club (1997)

L
L7
Not just everyone's favorite producer of brilliantly sludgy rock n' roll, L7 also has a conscience. Donita Sparks (vocals) and Suzi Gardner (guitar) formed L7 in 1985, soon incorporating Jennifer Finch (bass) and Dee Plakas (drums) into the fold. L7 made a name for itself playing grungy metal, soon signed to Sub Pop records, which released the debut Smell the Magic. The band's only modern-rock hit, "Pretend We're Dead" (off Bricks are Heavy in 1992), was uncharacteristically poppy but still retained the power chords endemic to their sound. With the music press drooling at their feet, L7 founded Rock for Choice, a group dedicated to preserving reproductive freedom and women's rights. After the follow-up disc Hungry for Stink was released in 1994, L7 went through a number of line-up changes but managed to release their latest LP Slap-Happy on the band's own Wax Tadpole label.
Smell the Magic (1991)
Bricks Are Heavy (1992)
Hungry for Stink (1994)
Slap-Happy (1999)

CYNDI LAUPER
Which side were you on -- Cyndi Lauper or Madonna? Many people forget that, in the mid-80s, these two ladies were the queens of pop. Numerous critics believed that Cyndi, with her superior singing ability, unique fashion sense and East Village cred, would ultimately leave Maddie in the dust. Her debut LP, She's So Unusual, (the first record this writer ever bought) was a smash hit, featuring the timeless tidbit "Girls Just Want to Have Fun," the song that will never die. The second single (which Cyndi wrote), "Time After Time," is still featured at thousands of roller rinks the world over. Cyndi's powerful, flirty vocals, paired with exuberant electro rhythms and her famously multicolored hair (way before Madonna!) made her a star. Her second album, True Colors, caught her in a more understated, mature pose. The title song reached number one on the Billboard chart in 1986.
She's So Unusual (1983)
True Colors (1986)
A Night to Remember (1989)

LE TIGRE
After the demise of Bikini Kill, Kathleen Hanna couldn't stay still. With fellow punk-deconstructionists Johanna Fateman and Sadie Benning (also a notable video artist), Hanna formed Le Tigre to further expand the definition of political music. While Bikini Kill took its cues from early DIY punk rock and angry vocals, Le Tigre takes a far more stripped down approach, and employs obsolete electronic instruments rather than traditional punk guitars. Hanna's voice still exhibits its definitive lack of training, and the scaled down music explores self-conscious topics -- "What's Yr Take On Cassavetes" being one of the more pretentious tracks. While cloaking themselves in feminist, political, and musical experimentation, their fledgling ideology relives some of the DIY aesthetic that made Bikini Kill popular.
Le Tigre (1999)

LUNACHICKS
These girls have been keeping the New York scene alive for more than a decade. Their highly irreverent musical style and personal fashion sense sets them apart from other punk bands (more so than their gender), while capitalizing on their sense of humor and formidable chops. Their 1993 record Binge and Purge occasioned Alternative Press to call them "foxcorettes" while commending the album. Despite the fact that most of the girl bands in the public eye at the time -- Babes in Toyland, L7 -- were of distinctly heavy sound and fury, the Lunachicks kept it refreshingly upbeat. Their following records Jerk of All Trades and Pretty Ugly highlighted Gina's impressively speedy guitar skill coupled with Squid's infectious bass riffs. Singer Theo's vocals, at times raunchy or sweet, display an uncommonly wide range of styles and emotions, usually lost in more conventional punk bands. Their most recent record, Luxury Problem, is heavier and more grungy than its predecessors, showing another side of this never-dull band.
Pretty Ugly (1997)
Luxury Problem (1999)

LYDIA LUNCH
Lydia Lunch is both a fiercely independent Renaissance woman and muse to numerous artists in the industrial and alternative scenes. She began her illustrious career in the gently named Teenage Jesus and the Jerks, then performed in a string of unusual bands way ahead of their time. Lydia's ferocious productivity has allowed her to collaborate on musical, poetic, and dramatic projects with the Birthday Party, Einsturzende Neubauten, Cabaret Voltaire, Michael Gira of the Swans, Exene Cervenka, and Sonic Youth! If that wasn't enough, she founded her own production company, Widowspeak, in 1985 as an outlet for her creative projects. In the late 80s and early 90s, she collaborated extensively with her musical partner Jim Thirwell of Foetus and played in the all-girl punk band Harry Crews (with Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth). Her uncompromising artistic vision, and determination to explore the darkest recesses of human nature, is exemplified on her many musical collaborations, spoken word performances, underground films, and writing.
13:13 (1982)
Hysterie (1986)
Harry Crews (1989)

LUSH
Lush has the distinction of being one of the few shoegazer bands to actually have chicks. In the late 80s and early 90s, Lush's sound was just that: ringing wall-of-noise guitar feedback, swirly rhythms, shimmering percussion and Miki Berenyi's girlish, breathy voice. After being signed to 4AD records (them again!) in 1989, Robin Guthrie, of labelmates Cocteau Twins, lent his hand in producing a few EPs, later collected as the Gala CD. The band's ethereal yet ambitious sound was well received, but on the proper debut Spooky, the production threatened to drown out the actual music. After the overlooked LP Split, Lush came back with Lovelife, a more upbeat and energetic record. The hit "Ladykillers" also featured clearer vocals and lyrics that cleverly deconstruct silly male behavior. Despite the success, drummer Christopher Acland committed suicide in 1996 and the band broke up soon afterwards.
Gala (1990)
Spooky (1991)
Lovelife (1996)

M
M
AGNAPOP

Unfairly ignored in the annals of American indie rock, Magnapop was a quartet from Athens, Georgia (cue associations with Michael Stipe) which released three albums in the mid 1990s and was promptly never heard from again. The core of Magnapop was Ruthie Morris (guitar) and Linda Hopper (vocals), augmented by a revolving rhythm section. The band's punchy rock n' roll had a dark edge to it, characterized in Ruthie's vicious guitar licks and Linda's sing-talky voice. The first LP Magnapop featured the catchy pop riffs of "Merry" and "Favorite Writer" (produced by the omnipresent Stipe) and earned them a huge fan base in Holland and Belgium, of all places. The following LPs, Hot Boxing and Rubbing Doesn't Help, built on indie foundations with a harder guitar style and fewer pop stylings. Magnapop should be compared favorably to fellow rockers Juliana Hatfield and Superchunk.
Magnapop (1991)
Rubbing Doesn't Help (1996)

N
NIAGARA/DESTROY ALL MONSTERS
Originally an art rock band (with the likes of Jim Shaw & Mike Kelly) Niagara later teamed up with Ron Asheton (ex- Stooge), Mike Davis (MC5) and Larry Steele to become a real, gritty rock 'n roll band. With songs like "Bored," "November 22nd," "You're Gonna Die," (...so I asked my mother 'cuz she doesn't lie, took a look at me and said you're gonna die...) "Meet the Creeper," and "What Do I Get," and a brilliant cover version of "These Boots Are Made for Walking", they were very influential on the Detroit/Ann Arbor scene from the late 70's to mid 80's when Mike moved to Arizona. They probably would have been better known elsewhere if Ron hadn't had an aversion to New York. After the band broke up, Niagara continued to play with Ron and Larry in a sort of Detroit all-star (don't get this wrong -- it was anything but slick) revue band called Dark Carnival. The band was around until a few years ago but Niagara prefers to concentrate on painting now.
Contributed by Wendy of Sugar Syndicate

N
ICO

A supermodel, a stuatesque chanteuse, a pop-art muse, and a proponent of goth rock -- Nico's association with the Velvet Underground was merely a blip on her radar screen. Despite a certain banana-covered album which made her famous, she was independent to the point of self-destruction. After splitting with the Velvets, she recorded the folky, melancholy LP Chelsea Girl in 1968. Though the poor girl couldn't sing on pitch to save her life, her strikingly deep and resonant voice illuminated the soft melodies of her solo work. Her Teutonic accent even recalled another smoker-voiced singer, Marlene Dietrich. After Chelsea Girl she acquired an interest in psychedelic drugs, and the predictably desolate vibes of her following albums failed to make her a star in her own right. Her decade-long heroin habit didn't help either. Tragically, Nico died of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1988 after falling off her bicycle.
The Velvet Underground and Nico (1967)
Chelsea Girl (1968)

O
SINEAD O'CONNOR
Perhaps the most reviled of female pop stars, as much for her politics as her looks. Caught in the mix of controversy and media spectacle is Sinead’s fantastic voice, furiously exhibited on her debut LP, The Lion and the Cobra. Recorded when she was only 21, the record shows a remarkably versatile vocal style, swooping from quiet, introspective sweetness to vicious howling. The themes of feminism, yearning, loss, and spiritual redemption are first explored to stunning effect. The music world in the late 80s didn’t quite know what to do with this petite, bald, quick-tempered and passionate artist. In 1990, Sinead became a rock star of the first order with an atypical (for her) ballad, "Nothing Compares 2 U," fomenting copious numerical abbreviations for actual words. With that song’s success came unrelenting media attention, and Sinead’s outspoken, though naïve, beliefs in the evils of the Catholic church and female empowerment found her many enemies, especially in the United States. The furor died down after a few years, and she recorded two more albums worthy of note: 1994’s Universal Mother and 1997’s Gospel Oak, which explored her more melodic and less strident side. 2000 saw the release of Faith and Courage, with the declaration that she’s a lesbian. Sinead may be controversial and musically inconsistent at times, but she is never boring.
The Lion and the Cobra (1987)
I Do Not Want What I Haven’t Got (1990)
Universal Mother (1994)
Faith and Courage (2000)

P
PORTISHEAD
With sultry, hypnotic vocals over a film noir-by-way-of-Ibiza soundtrack, Portishead was at the forefront of the trip-hop scene in Britain in the mid-1990s. Coming out of the same clubs and studios as fellow Bristol residents Massive Attack and Tricky, Portishead married seductive beats to lyrics about love, alienation, frustration, and sex, in a way far more intellectual than their colleagues. Geoff Barrow (programmer) and Beth Gibbons (lyricist and vocalist) met in a job skills training class, and each impressed the other with a desire to create avant-garde electronica, coupled with complete apathy towards being rock stars. As a result, their debut LP Dummy caused few ripples when it was released in 1994. But on the strength of its first slinky, Twin Peaks-like single "Sour Times," and word of mouth throughout Europe and America, the album was awarded the Mercury Music Prize in 1995. (Incidentally, the 65,000 pounds awarded to the winning band is usually given to charity. Portishead kept theirs.) One would have been hard-pressed to avoid hearing the CD playing in every coffeehouse, vintage shop, and hip hangout throughout the mid-90s. In 1997, they released their self-titled album after a bout of artistic perfectionism, and while it strays little from the original formula, the vocals took on a creepier, more desperate, altogether more enticing sheen.
Dummy (1994)
Portishead (1997)

PUSSY GALORE
A real supergroup in the making, Pussy Galore was formed in the seaside idyll of Provincetown, RI. Not finding the kind of gritty inspiration they sought, core members Jon Spencer and Julie Cafritz lit out for the nation's murder capitol, Washington, DC, in the mid 1980s. They released an EP before relocating to New York City. Guitarist Neil Hagerty joined the band, Jon Spencer left, and, up until this point they don't really qualify as a chick rock band. Then Cristina Martinez, on guitar, joined the group. The band took on an experimental, caterwauling sound that incorporated industrial, metal, punk and rock n' roll. The career of Pussy Galore extended briefly beyond the departures of Cristina and Julie, enough time to release the delicately-monikered Dial M for Motherfucker, one of the most apt titles in history. And what makes Pussy Galore a supergroup?
1) Jon Spencer went on to form the Jon Spencer Blues Explosion and to marry Cristina Martinez.
2) Cristina formed Boss Hog with Jon (before he left for the Blues Explosion).
3) Julie Cafritz, who is the sister of Daisy Von Furth, who is the business partner in X-Girl with Kim Gordon of Sonic Youth (her again!), went on to form Free Kitten with Kim.
4) Neil Hagerty teamed up with Jennifer Herrema in Royal Trux.
Did I forget anyone? I don't think so.
Sugarshit Sharp (1989)
Dial M for Motherfucker (1990)

Q
SUZI QUATRO
Suzi Quatro, inspiration to Joan Jett among others, was one of the extreme few chicks who found fame during the heady glam years in 1970s England. She began her career playing in girly pop bands as a bass player, singer, and sometime go-go dancer with charisma to spare. Her onstage personality attracted the attention of producers at Rak Records in England, and Suzi soon recorded the single "Can the Can" in 1973. It was a worldwide hit as glam rock was applying makeup all over the airwaves. The hard rock grooves were overlaid with lyrics focused on the sound of the words, rather than the meaning -- similar at times to David Bowie and later neoglam bands (like Suede). Her iconic stance, swathed androgynously in leather, made her a fixture on the pop scene during the 1970s and 1980s. When her good fortune waned, she relied on her talent as a singing actress, playing Leather Tuscadero on Happy Days in the late 70s and then on British TV shows. She continues to play and record, though her most lasting legacy could be her groundbreaking work in the early 70s.
Quatro (1973)
Greatest Hits (2000)

R
THE RAINCOATS
Kurt Cobain's inspiration, which may or not be a good thing. An all-girl punk group in the male-dominated punk scene, the Raincoats formed in London in 1977 because being in a band was the thing to do. Ana da Silva (vocals/guitar) and Gina Birch (vocals/bass) were the core members, along with Palmolive (the former Slits drummer) and violinist Vicky Aspinall. Despite their lack of musical training, their music was at once emotional, mature, and wildly experimental. Their debut self-titled album destroyed stereotypical images of women in punk, with lyrics exploring female independence, spirituality (really!), and even violence against women. The follow-up Odyshape was a play on society's attitudes towards the body, and female bodies specifically. The most remarkable aspect is that their genius was borne almost by accident. Their subsequent albums ventured further into out-there territory without musical boundaries, leaving their punk roots momentarily behind. In 1993, they reformed as a result of their new popularity, thanks to Cobain, and later released Looking in the Shadows, a collection of songs proving the Raincoats' timelessness.
The Raincoats (1979)
Odyshape (1981)
Looking in the Shadows (1995)

ROYAL TRUX
Spawned from the same New York scene as Pussy Galore and Boss Hog, Royal Trux carried the gritty sludge-rock torch throughout the 1990s. Neil Haggerty and Jennifer Herrema specialized in experimental sci-fi imagery, sonic discordance, and no small amount of narcotics. Walking the very thin line between the subversive avant-garde and the unabashedly rock n' roll, Royal Trux were like Frank Zappa's cousin who had been fed Cheez Doodles his entire life. Their 1992 album Royal Trux actually contained something like actual songs, though suffused with drug-soaked blues and scary ranting. Throughout the 1990s their rock roots showed more clearly, as they left the junkie chic behind; their 1995 album Thank You was actually released on a major label. In the later 90s both Haggerty and Herrema kicked (mostly) their heavy smack habits and unleashed a more stylized, focused collection of funk n' roll, especially in their LP Veterans of Disorder.
Thank You (1995)
Veterans of Disorder (1999)

THE RUNAWAYS
Legendary rockers, an all girl band, an inspiration to L7 and many other female artists. Also bringing forth the careers of the original riot grrl Joan Jett, and hair metal goddess Lita Ford, as well as Michael Steele (who later went on to be the bassist for the Bangles). As well as giving drummer Sandy West, front man Cherie Currie, and Bassist’s Jackie Fox, Vicki Blue, Michael Steele, Peggy Foster, and Laurie McAllister a brutal encounter with the limelight. The Runaways, created by producer Kim Fowley, with a few songs written by Kari Krome. The band started as a power trio in 1975 with Joan on vocals and guitar, Sandy West on drums, and Michael Steele on bass. Michael quit, or was fired (depending on who you ask) to be replaced by Peggy Foster whose time with the band was short-lived, (the band went through bass players like toilet rolls.) Later came Jackie Fox, Vicki Blue, and Laurie McAllister. Unfortunately not experiencing too much success in their home country of the US, despite being huge in Japan, they were also having a hard time trying to be taken seriously. There were many rumors about the band, stretching from being strippers, to Jackie’s suicide attempt in Japan. Cherie had enough, and had left the band when Joan took over as their front woman. The band went on to record more albums and a few more gigs before their split in 1979. Now, over 2 decades after the band's departure, they still manage to inspire, and made a rather significant mark in the history of rock n roll.
The Runaways (1976)
Queens of Noise (1977)

-- Amberly Howell

S
SHONEN KNIFE
Shonen Knife, comprised of sisters Atsuko and Naoko Yamano and Michie Nakatani, began playing together way back in 1981, based in Osaka, Japan. They weren't well known in the West until Kurt Cobain of Nirvana took them under his wing in the early 90s by giving them support slots on Nirvana tours and championing their tongue-in-cheek pop-punk, gleefully borrowing from the Ramones at turns. Kurt knew what he was talking about (as he did with the Raincoats), and Shonen Knife became the underground darlings of hep indie kids in the mid-90s. Their cover of the Monkees' "Daydream Believer" is a classic.
Pretty Little Baka Guy (1990)
Rock Animals (1994)


S
IOUXSIE SIOUX/THE BANSHEES

In the opinion of this writer, Siouxsie Sioux has never been given her due as a visionary artist and punk rebel. For more than twenty years, she and the Banshees released unique albums with songs ranging from raw punk aggression to psychedelic drug-rock to tribal-flavored pop, never compromising their musical vision for album sales. Her stunning voice has graced 12 albums, numerous singles, and even the Cure's first B-side. Before she became a rock goddess, Siouxsie was a punk hanger-on, befriending Sid Vicious and the Sex Pistols and appearing at punk shows around London in 1976. Two years later, The Banshees released The Scream, their first album of short, spiky punk songs that nevertheless contained a few pop elements and Siouxsie's distinctively strong and commanding voice. The press loved them. Their second LP, Join Hands, was more experimental and less focused than the first, though certain tracks did stand out. For Join Hands, Siouxsie and longtime bassist Steve Severin were first joined by Budgie, who played drums in the Slits - forming the core trio of the Banshees. The following albums Kaleidoscope and Juju solidified their influential sounds - Kaleidoscope was the more atmospheric and new-wavey; while Juju contained the timeless goth-pop tracks "Arabian Nights," "Spellbound," and "Night Shift." After Juju, considered a pinnacle of the early 80s alternative sound, the Banshees began exploring poppier psychedelia and different melodic textures. A Kiss in the Dreamhouse and Hyaena, the latter with Robert Smith of the Cure on guitar, contained brilliant, synth-driven pop songs and swirly, soaring singles-classics like "Cascade" and "Melt" from Kiss, and "Dazzle" from Hyaena. They also added the acid-soaked "Dear Prudence" to their list of Beatles covers. Their finest hour on the pop charts turned out to be their single "Peek-a-boo," from their 1988 album Peepshow. Covering sadomasochistic subject matter and accompanied by a fantastically creepy video, the songs recast the Banshees as a very capable pop band as well as every other genre. In typically unpredictable fashion the Banshees joined the first Lollapalooza tour (Siouxsie was the only woman on tour!), and went out in a blaze of glory.
The Scream (1978)
Kaleidoscope (1980)
Juju (1981)
A Kiss in the Dreamhouse (1982)
Peepshow (1988)

SISTER GEORGE
A British queercore sister to Tribe 8, Sister George continued the trend of lesbian punk bands ranting and raving against the unfair world - songs about dyke empowerment, bitingly humorous stabs at heterosexuality, and weightier topics as well. Ellyot Dragon, ex-Israeli army corporal, first joined the Darlings, which counted Lesley Woods (ex-Au Pairs) and Debbie Smith (later of Curve and Echobelly) as members. Finding the Darlings limited in scope, Ellyot then joined Sister George (as a singer) to explore themes important to working-class queers. Impressed with the Riot Grrrl movement in the States, Sister George released their first LP Drag King on an indie label, riding the queercore wave.
Drag King (1994)

SKUNK ANANSIE
Coming out, as it were, in mid-90s Britain, Skunk Anansie were worlds apart from the fey Britpop of the time. Characterized by superheavy metal-punk and female singer Skin's emotional, caustic lyrics, the band was signed to One Little Indian records after only their second gig. Skin made a commanding figure on stage, with her shaved head and heartfelt, angry diatribes describing her personal experiences with racism and homophobia. Their single "Charity" showed the range of Skin's vocals, from sweet and soulful to furious. Their first album Paranoid and Sunburnt, released in 1995, was a great collection of hard rock suffused with more intelligence than your average thrash-punk band.
Paranoid and Sunburnt (1995)

SLEATER-KINNEY
Whether they deserve all of the heaps of praise ladled on them remains to be seen (Greil Marcus and Robert Christgau: this means you), but Sleater-Kinney has undoubtedly emerged as the foremost proponent of girl-rock in America. Their minimalist, bass-less sound echoes the DIY aesthetic of the Riot Grrrl movement from which they came, but their musicianship and lyrical content has far surpassed that of one-note wonders Bikini Kill. The twin guitars of Carrie Brownstein and Corin Tucker, and the nimble drumming of Janet Weiss, form a rocking background to Brownstein's wild vibrato. Their sound is enriched when Brownstein and Tucker harmonize and Tucker's quiet tones add calm to the storm. No shrinking violets, these girls have been known to fight back against hecklers and rude, patronizing music journalists with a one-hundred percent feminist agenda. Three albums of the 90s - Call the Doctor, The Hot Rock, and Dig Me Out - explored the potent themes of female desire, frustration, and power. We'll have to wait and see if their politics will be able to influence the rest of the music world.
Call the Doctor (1996)
Dig Me Out (1997)

SLEEPER
Sleeper is the brainchild of Louise Wener, a cute and spunky poptart whose image belies the intelligence and control of her musicianship. Providing one of the few female voices in Britpop, her songs explore the typical annoyances women must face in the everyday world, coupled with tongue-in-cheek attitudes on the discrepancies between men and women-and great pop hooks. Her distaste for trad feminism and her outspokenness launched her into the music papers. After a couple of singles and a little-noticed debut record, their indie breakthrough came in the form of the LP Inbetweener in 1995. Containing the frenetic, ebullient single "Delicious," the album charted in the top 20 in the UK pop charts. The following CD The It Girl was more accomplished and produced by former Smiths producer Stephen Street. The Smiths-y tune "Sale of the Century" was a hit in 1996, and furthered Louise's gleefully naughty obsessions with relationships and men. Interband tension led unfortunately to Sleeper's split in the late 90s.
Inbetweener (1995)
The It Girl (1996)

SLITS
The Slits weren't unique in their total inability to play, but they stood out from the crowd with their enthusiasm and willingness to try anything. The blandly-named Kate Kaos (on guitar), Suzy Gutz (on bass) and Palmolive (on drums) backed German heiress Arianna Forster (later Ari Up). Their debut gig was in support of the Clash in 1977. After a line-up change, the Slits became known in punk circles, incorporating elements of reggae and ska (then popular with other British punk groups) into atonal yet rhythmic songs. Palmolive left to join the Raincoats (and was replaced by Budgie, later of the Banshees) when the Slits recorded their first LP Cut. That they were signed to Island records, and assisted by a reggae producer, is a testament to the varying influences of their sound. Subsequent efforts threatened to veer into avant-garde jazz noodliness, and after releasing their final LP they disbanded.
Cut
(1979)

PATTI SMITH
Is she an intellectual poet, a punk muse, or a self-satisfying artiste? Patti Smith is all of these and more. Frequently considered the maven of New York punk, and constantly named in the same breath as the Ramones and Television, she began her famous career as a spoken word artist. Her first gig, in 1971, was a rambling recitation of her poetry with rock journalist Lenny Kaye contributing some rather free-form jazz. Her avant-garde leanings were pronounced, despite her punk tag, on her debut LP Horses. Partly produced by John Cale of the Velvet Underground, her imaginative and accomplished compositions belied her relative newness to music. The album was even financed by Robert Mapplethorpe and was an instant hit. Her following releases paid tribute to 1960s garage rock, and especially Jim Morrison. Ironically, many considered her a "punk" priestess, at odds with her disgust of the British punk movements' trashing of traditional good music. In the late 70s, her music ventured further into psychological territory, exploring religion and personal growth, but some critics felt her music was becoming self-indulgent. As a result, on Easter, the production was more traditional rock and even spawned a hit, "Because the Night." Her truly unique persona as an intellectual artist, rather than a punk musician, continued to define her even after she semi-retired to married life. In 1994, her life was shattered by the death of her husband, an event that caused her to process her pain by performing. In 1996, she released Gone Again full of introspective elegies in memory of her husband. Her newfound eminence as punk survivor and unrepentant artist promises to keep her in the musical canon.
Horses (1975)
Easter (1978)
Gone Again (1996)


STEREOLAB
As planets orbit the sun, the core of Stereolab, Tim Gane and Laetitia Sadier, have been accompanied by a revolving assortment of musicians. After first coming together with the wise move of including a number of NME journalists in the line-up, Stereolab trafficks in 'space age bachelor pad music.' Their distinct sound incorporates varying rhythms, dreamy vocals by Sadier, and vintage instruments from the 1960s to pay homage to their influences: John Cage and John Cale being the two most prominent. While always willing to experiment, their knob-twiddliness is thankfully underscored by a competent base of pop melodies that save Stereolab from muso oblivion. Their sense of humour, reportedly contained in the French lyrics but unable to be understood by a majority of their fans, comes through on the album titles. Most of their recordings reflect a pop sensibility overlayed with 60s effects, while Cobra and Phases Group Play Voltage in the Milky Night is a more jazz and bossa nova-influenced record.
Transient Random Noise-Bursts with
Announcements
(1993)
Mars Audiac Quintet (1994)
Emperor Tomato Ketchup (1996)


T
TEAM DRESCH
Coming out of Portland, Oregon in 1993, Team Dresch released a brilliant LP and cemented their queercore legacy. Donna Dresch (bass), Marci Martinez (drums), Kaia Wilson and Jody Bleyle (vocals and guitar), were all veterans of various indie outfits before forming Team Dresch. Spreading the message of lesbian power through songs that ranged from angry punk to sweet rock n' roll to hardcore, they released their first LP Personal Best in 1995. Clocking in at only 30 minutes, the collection is a tightly-wound spring full of energetic rage and singalong lyrics, with emotional heartache to boot. After Melissa Yorke replaced Martinez on the drums, Team Dresch released Captain My Captain in 1996. Without the cohesive, inspired feeling of the former LP, Captain My Captain was a pallid follow-up to the feminine fury of Personal Best. Kaia left soon afterwards and the group effectively disbanded after releasing one more single.
Personal Best (1995)

THROWING MUSES
A real case of blissful ignorance, Throwing Muses were indie darlings without even trying. Formed by Kristin Hersh and Tanya Donnelly when they were still in high school, the inauspicious beginnings of the band were actually helped (rather than hurt) by Hersh's and Donnelly's inexperience. The mastermind of the band was undoubtedly Hersh, who wrote most of the songs. Both ladies played guitar and sang, recruiting a number of bassists and drummers throughout the years. Throwing Muses ignored conventional song structures, and were signed to 4AD (them again!) almost by accident, as their unusual vocal stylings and awkward musicianship were hailed as unique and original. Soon they were playing gigs with fellow Bostonians the Pixies. Their records Hunkpapa and The Real Ramona were indie favorites, even getting a little radio play, but the Muses fizzled in the mid-90s, a result of legal battles with their manager and Musician's Union. Donnelly left to form Belly and then the Breeders, while Hersh assumed full control of the band, but went on to foster a promising solo career in late 90s.
Hunkpapa (1989)
The Real Ramona (1991)

TRIBE 8
San Francisco's very own sexy-feminist raging-dyke anarchists. Yeah! With a sonic assault not lacking in a sense of humor, Tribe 8 has an improbable total of three chicks named Lynn in addition to a Slade and a Leslie. Without any mainstream attention, other than being lumped together under the queercore tag with Team Dresch and Sister George, Tribe 8 have managed to release three full-length albums and numerous singles. Their last LP, Role Models for Amerika, opens with a song entitled "Sunbears," the lyrics of which I feel I must quote: "…If you ask 'em if they're happy they say nope. They're rude. Sunbears. I like Sunbears."
Snarkism (1996)
Role Models for Amerika (1998)

TSUNAMI
Jenny Toomey and Kristin Thomson (both guitars and vocals) were girls with a mission. Borne out of the same DC scene as Fugazi and Nation of Ulysses, Tsunami was decidedly more pop than their male colleagues, though retaining the same do-it-yourself aesthetic of punk bands. They released their singles on their own label, Simple Machines, and invited other notable bands - Velocity Girl, Unrest, and Superchunk among them - to share sides of 7" singles. So popular were their efforts, that they created a series of Simple Machines 7" singles, released one per month, and a carrying case for them. Their one vice seems to have been elaborate packaging, which eventually bankrupted Simple Machines - a very small operation despite its incredible influence on the indie scene. Toomey and Thomson somehow found time to record Tsunami's two LPs, Deep End and The Heart's Tremolo, and join the Lollapalooza tour in 1993! Sadly, their pragmatic pop is a vanishing breed in the indie scene today.
The Heart's Tremolo (1994)

U

V

VERUCA SALT
The core girls - Nina Gordon and Louise Post - had guts to spare. Both vocalists and guitarists, Veruca Salt reaped indie cred with their hit "Seether" in 1994, a girl-rock confection that only scratched Veruca Salt's surface. With the twin voices of Louise and Nina backed by a heavy rhythm section and loads of distortion, they had the hooks and intelligence to go with it. Nina's especially girlish squealing was highlighted on the unfairly-overlooked EP Blow It Out Your Ass, produced to great effect by Steve Albini. After interband tension caused Nina to depart for a solo career, Louise recruited new bassist/vocalist Suzanne Sokol and a new guitarist, Stephen Fitzpatrick. With the new line-up Veruca Salt released Resolver, which didn't have the impact of their first disc American Thighs - possibly due to the super-male rock and teen-pop dominating the radio at the time of its release.
American Thighs (1994)
Blow it Out Your Ass (1996)

W
W/WENDY O. WILLIAMS
Wendy Orlean Williams must be one of the most hard-core chicks in rock n roll. For the late 70's and early to mid 80's, she fronted the punkish metal band, The Plasmatics, before going solo in the late 80's with albums such as “WOW“ and “Kommander of Kaos.” She was famous for her incredible stage performances --chain sawing guitars in half, slamming sledge hammers into TV sets, appearing on stage with nothing but whip cream, blowing up cars (mostly Cadillacs) and her infamous “It's My Life” music video where she climbed out of a speeding car into a moving helicopter before the car drove and exploded off a cliff. Also arrested for punching paparazzi, obscenity and assault. This psycho plant-eater made a bang in heavy metal history, before choosing to end her life with a shot gun in 1998. Keep in mind, however, legends never die.
-- Amberly Howell


X

X/EXENE CERVENKA
Exene, as the singer in X, wrote some of the best punk-surf-rockabilly-goth tunes Los Angeles ever heard. In fact, that city graced their first album, which was an exploration of the strange nooks and crannies that Los Angeles evokes. The haunting mix of eerie guitars and baleful harmonies (courtesy of Exene's husband, Jon Doe) set them apart from their fellow punks in the LA scene. They were, unsurprisingly, heavily influenced by the Doors, and their first four albums were produced by Ray Manzarek to atmospheric effect. After a string of albums beginning with Wild Gift, X's spirit seemed to fade and the albums explored less new ground. When the group split in the early 90s, Exene assumed a solo career with the album "Old Wives Tale," performed spoken word pieces with Lydia Lunch, and published writing on Henry Rollins' imprint 2.13.61, keeping it in the punk family.
Los Angeles (1981)
Wild Gift (1981)


X-MAL DEUTSCHLAND
Possibly the only German female quintet to achieve international (or at least British) acclaim, X-Mal Deutschland rode the wave of German industrial bands then in vogue, like Einsturzende Neubauten. Their first British gig was to open for the Cocteau Twins in 1982, after being signed to 4AD records (THEM AGAIN!). Their atmospheric gothic-disco fit right in on the 4AD roster, and their high estrogen levels didn't hurt either. Singer Anja Huwe's vocals were insistent and forceful, backed by propulsive bass and drum section and dark, swirly guitar effects. Their classic single "Incubus Succubus" remains a standard on goth dancefloors, and the album on which it appears, Fetisch, remarkably became 4AD's best-selling record in 1983. Afterwards, certain female members were replaced by token males, and as a result, X-Mal's sound lost steam and reverted to standard rock, rather than the eclectic disco it championed. Their second album Tocsin failed to live up to Fetisch's promise. Sadly, X-Mal is all but forgotten in any but the most esoteric circles, and doesn't prompt the same misty-eyed nostalgia as other 4AD bands like, say, This Mortal Coil. This writer is still waiting for the comeback tour.
Fetisch (1983)

X-RAY SPEX/POLY STYRENE
Poly Styrene (not the name her mother gave her) formed X-ray Spex with hopped-up saxophonist Lora Logic after the Sex Pistols broke the scene open in 1977. Much poppier and happier than, say, the Clash, Poly leapt around the stage in cute outfits, sang, screamed, and cooed through messily-arranged punk-pop, and played off Lora's honking sax yelps. Their memorably-named classics such as "Oh Bondage, Up Yours!" and "The Day The World Turned Day-Glo" explain Poly's cynical but humorous outlook on England in the late 1970s. Though less politically inclined than their punk colleagues, they nevertheless took part in the Rock Against Racism gig in London in 1978, and consequently played for their largest audience. The same year their milestone album Germ Free Adolescence (or Adolescents, depending on whom you ask) was released, loaded with punk glee and music far more complex than the average three-chord punk band. Bizarrely, the X-ray Spex broke up that year as well. Poly joined a Hare Krishna sect and released a few intermittent albums in the following decade.
Germ Free Adolescence (1978)

Y, Z


All content written and compiled by Kat Long, except where otherwise indicated.